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Hierarchies The Cosmic Ladder of Life

The great gods were revered and praised as masters.

The Deities of ancient Egypt

The Great Ennead
  • Nu (Nun, Inert One, Primordial Watery Abyss) Nunet is the female aspect.
  • Atum (Atem, or Tem) the Complete One, the Underlying Substance of the World.
  • Iusaaset (Iusas, Iusaaset, Juesaes, Ausaas, and Jusas) The Grandmother of all Deities. A Shadow.
  • Shu (Emptiness, He Who Rises Up, Personification of Air) son to Atum and Iusaaset.
  • Tefnut (Goddess of Moisture, Moist Air, Dew and Rain) daughter to Atum and Iusaaset.
  • Geb (God of the Earth) son of Shu and Tefnut.
  • Nut (Goddess of the Sky) daughter of Shu and Tefnut.
  • Osiris (Usiris) God of the Afterlife, the Underworld and the Dead. The oldest son of Geb and Nut.
  • Isis (Aset, Ast, Uset, or Iset, Goddess of Religious Beliefs & Magic, Protector of the Dead and Goddess of Children) She who knows all the names.. daughter of Geb and Nut.
  • Set (Seth, Setesh, Sutekh, Setekh, or Suty, God of the Desert, Storms, and Foreigners. Later the God of Darkness and Chaos) son of Geb and Nut. Typhon in Greek.
  • Nephthys (Nebthet, Lady of the Temple Enclosure) Associated with Funeral rites. daughter of Geb and Nut.

More Egptian Deities

The Deities of ancient Africa

The most high African creator-God called Nana Buluku which is both male and female.

Dividing the deity into two parts, we have:

  • Anu (Sky God) - "Buluku," and
  • Ki (Earth Goddess) - "Nana".

More African Deities

The Greek Deities

Cosmic Forces

  • Gaea (Gaia, Primeval Divinity of the Earth) First emerged at the Dawn of Creation, along with Air, Sea and Sky.
  • Uranus (Ouranos, Primeval God of the Sky.) Was the Literal Sky. married to Gaea.
  • Cybele (Kybele, Mountain Mother, Great Mother, Exotic Mystery-Goddess) Phrygian Mother of the Gods. daughter to Gaea and Uranus.
  • Tartarus (the Underworld) God of the great stormy Tartarean pit that lay beneath the earth.
  • Erebus (or Erebos, Personification of Darkness) born from Chaos.

More Greek Deities



Hindu Gods

Trimuti (the Triad)

Brahman is considered by Hindus the creator god of all existence and is the one and only true God.

  • Brahma (Creation. Progenitor or Great Grandsire of all human beings). In order to create the world and the human race, Brahma made a goddess out of himself. The woman Gayatri "Saraswati".
  • Shiva (Siva, Mahakala, God of the Yogis, Protector of Dharma). Lord Shiva is the destroyer of the world. He is responsible for change both in the form of death and destruction and in the positive sense of destroying the ego, the false identification with the form. Kronos in Greek.
  • Vishnu (Preserver and Protector of Creation) The embodiment of mercy and goodness, the self-existent, all-pervading power that preserves the universe and maintains the cosmic order Dharma.

More Hindu Deities


The Etruscans

The Etruscans were a people with a distinct language and culture during the period of the earliest European writing. Heaven and earth were imagined as being quartered by a great invisible cross consisting of a north-south axis called mcardo and an east-west line called decumanus. All ritual and religious observance was based on this division of celestial and terrestrial space.

Etruscan: The Gods & Goddesses

More Etruscan Deities



Inca Deities

Viracocha created the Earth, Sky and the people. He did not create the Sun in the beginning, however. The people defied Viracocha so he decided to kill them all. A great flood "the Unu Pachakuti" came and only a male and female who hid in a box survived. The Box was carried by the waters to Tihuanaco where they receded. Viracocha forgave the two survivors and created many more different tribes of people from clay. He gave them breath and life, their languages and songs, and seeds for them to plant and sow.

Incan Pantheon:

Viracocha (the Creator God).

  • Paca Mama (the Earth Mother). She is Mother Earth and the most important Deity in the Andes. Especially, worshiped by farmers, since she rules over harvesting and fertility. Furthermore, she is connected to earthquakes. Today, she is still worship through the Holy Virgin Mary.
  • Apu (god of the Mountains). He is the God of the mountains. He is called for good fortune and support. Many festivals in his favor still exists.
  • Inti (Apu Punchaur, Our Father the Sun, Ancestor of the Incas). Represented by a great golden disk with a face, but in the Incan mind he was thought to have a human form. His annual festival was to celebrate the harvest of maize. Chanting lasted from sunrise to sunset with continual animal sacrifices. Fertility, crops. All major settlements throughout the Inca Empire had a Sun Temple.

More Inca Deities



The Pantheon of the Maya

The pantheon of the Maya is a vast collection of deities who were worshipped throughout the region which, today, comprises Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas in Mexico and southward through Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras.

The Mayan vision of the universe is divided into multiple levels, above and below earth, positioned within the four directions of north, south, east and west. Mayan creational mythology discuss connections with beings from other realms who came to Earth to seed the planet.

Top Three Gods

  • Itzamna (Creator God) Top Sun god of Agriculture and Education. He was heavily involved in the development of the Mayan culture. He brought arriculture and farming, and he invented books and writing. He's a reptilian figure and has an earth mode under the name Itzam-Cab.
  • Chac (Ah-Hoya, Ah-Tzenul, God of Rain & Agriculture, Weather and Fertility). He was always represented as a youth, often with a corn ear headdress. He is repilian with fangs and a droopy snout. His hair is permanently a knotted tangle of confusion. Chac sends rain into the world by weeping from his large benevolent eyes filling cenotes, wells, streams and springs.
  • Ah Puch (Kisen, Yom Cimil, Yum Kimil, God of Death, The Flatulent Stinking One). Ruled over the ninth and lowest of the Maya underworlds. Ruler of Mitnal (Xibalba). He was always malevolent and also cared for child birth and beginnings.

More Mayan Deities



Aztec Deities of Mexica

The main Aztec deity was the creator god Ometeotl, who was both male and female and therefore he was able to create the other gods. Ometeotl created the other four main Aztec gods, first was god of the North, Xipe Totec, second was god of the South, Huizilopochtli, third was god of the East, Quetzalcoatl and fourth was god of the West, Tezcatlipoca.

Together these four Aztec gods were known as the four Tezcatlipocas, and the directions pointed to their home as being the centre of the universe in the eyes of the Aztec people.

Major Deities

  • Xipe Totec (God of the West. Revival and Vegetation). His color is Red.
  • Huitzilopochtli (God of the South. War, Hunt, the Sun and Master of the world). His color is Blue.
  • Quetzalcóalt (God of the East. Life and Twins, Venus, Wind, Craft, and inventor of the Aztec Calendar). His color is White.
  • Tezcatlipoca (God of the North. Sky, Providence and inventor of Fire). His color is Black.
  • Tlaloc (God of the Rain, and the Lightning) He who Makes things Sprout.
  • Coatlicue (Goddess of the Earth) Serpent-Skirted Goddess of Earth and Fire.
  • Xochiquetzal (God of the Flowers) Flow God of Dead Warriors. Death by Daffodil!
  • Xochipilli (God of the Beauty) Peacenik God of Love and Niceness.

More Aztec Deities

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