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Aztec Deities of Mexica


The main Aztec deity was the creator god Ometeotl, who was both male and female and therefore he was able to create the other gods. Ometeotl created the other four main Aztec gods, first was god of the North, Xipe Totec, second was god of the South, Huizilopochtli, third was god of the East, Quetzalcoatl and fourth was god of the West, Tezcatlipoca.

Together these four Aztec gods were known as the 'Four Tezcatlipocas' and the directions pointed to their home as being the centre of the universe. The four Aztec gods, the Tezcatlipocas created everything in the world including the sea monster Cipatli who was part crocodile and part fish.

The gods later had to destroy Cipatli who was selfishly devouring everything they had created, and by tearing this monster apart in all directions, the universe was created, born from the destruction of Cipatli. Legend has it that 13 heavens were created from her head, the world was in the body or the middle and at its tail was Mictlan, which was the Aztec underworld comprised of nine different regions.

This Aztec legend of their gods and their universe is represented by their Sun Stone Calendar referred to by the Spanish as La Piedra del Sol, and to finally complete creation, the gods had to create light for the Aztecs, hence the creation of a sun god through sacrifice. The Aztecs believed in a 52 year cycle for each Sun or World before its destruction, and this focused around the five suns.

    • The first Sun was destroyed by floods and everyone turned into fish.
    • The second Sun was eliminated by jaguars.
    • The third Sun was ended by a rain of fire.
    • The fourth Sun was wiped out by a storm and people transformed into monkeys.
    • The fifth Sun was believed to be the cycle of existence of the Aztecs.

 

Royal Deities

  • Acolmiztli (Acolnahuacatl, Underworld God). God of Mictlan, the Aztec Underworld. May be a ford of Mictlantecuhtli.
  • Acuecucyoticihuati (River Goddess). Goddess of Oceans and Rivers. She is the beautiful Chalchiuhtlicue in disquise. Women in childbirth cry out to her for relief from their pains.
  • Ahuizotl (Fabulous Creature). Mongrel Water Monster. Cross between a dog and a monkey with a hand on the end of it's tail. It’s the hand you have to watch, as this is the bit that pulls you into the water. Your corpse will be found minus eyes, teeth and nails which appear to be the tasty tidbits. It seems so wasteful. All that remaining flesh left to bloat and float.
  • Amaranth (Information). This is not a God but a very edible starchy plant used in Holy Scoff. The seeds were mixed with human blood and shaped it into dough figures which were worshipped in the month of Panquetzaliztli, whenever that
    is. These Aztec gingerbread people are still available in Mexico, but nowadays they make it with honey instead of blood.
  • Atlatonan (Earth Goddess). Goddess of Earth and Water. She really loved the rituals whereby she was impersonated by young virgins. Mostly because she got to receive the sacrifices.
  • Ayauhteotl (Celebrity Goddess). Mysterious Goddess of Mist and Haze. Despite her shady character, she is responsible for fame and vanity. Perhaps she symbolizes the fleeting misty nature of fame. Then again, perhaps she’s so vain that she can’t bear to share the spotlight, shrouding everyone else in foggy obscurity.
  • Centeotl (Corn/Maize God). Transsexual Maize God. Yes, amaizingly enough, he used to be a Maize Goddess. His mother Tlazolteotl was a Goddess of Sex.
  • Centzonuitznaua (Star Gods). Rebellious Star Gods and brothers of the Sun God Hutzilopochtli.
  • Centzon-Totochtin (Drunken God). Four Hundred Drunken Rabbit Gods. How many rabbits do you usually see after drinking seven pints of Tequila? These tipsy bunny deities were distilled and brewed by husband and wife alcoholic team Mayahuel and Patecatl.
  • Chalchuitlicu (God/Goddess). Before the Sun that now shines brightly over Mexico came into being, there had been other suns; four in all. Each sun died away in turn before our present Sun appeared. The fourth Sun, Chalchuitlicu, had been a water goddess, copper-coloured and dressed in emerald green. For hundreds years she provided light and warmth; and in that time the first men and women appeared on Earth. The other gods grew jealous of the Sun God and some reproached her for giving fire to humans, for they did not always use it wisely.

    Tezcatlipoca upsets Chalchuitlicu and caused a flood. One night, the black God of Darkness, Tezcatlipoca, began to torment the gentle copper Sun while she
    was resting in the gloom. He said she'd grown too vain and selfish. In her hurt at these false words, Chalchuitlicu burst into tears. The tears put out her light and then the sky rained down upon the Earth in torrents. The land vanished into darkness beneath a mighty flood which drowned all human life: every man and woman turned into fish; all, that is, save one lone family which survived to start the human race again. When the sky thus fell on Earth, the gods opened up four roads beneath the land, where they created four giants and some sturdy trees.

    And then, together, the gods, the trees, the giants, all tried to lift the Earth from under the vales of tears. They heaved and pushed until the land rose upwards and the waters fell away. At last they managed to fasten the land securely to the sky. But the Earth was still plunged into utter gloom; it had no dawn, no dusk, no sunlit days. The vales of tears were salty; there was thus no fresh water, for no Sun appeared to draw the tears back up to heaven and change them into rain.
  • Chalchiuhtecolot (Night Time God). This deity is a real night owl. His name means ‘Precious Owl’.
  • Chalchiuhtlicue (Matlalcueyeh, Water Goddess). Beautiful young Goddess of Cleansing Water. Known as Lady of the Green Skirts, she is the creator of the Fourth Sun which was not a great success as it was extremely watery. Due to
    circumstances beyond our comprehension, she arose as a fruit-laden prickly pear tree standing in a river.

    She prefers flowers to a human sacrifice, but that didn’t stop her from flooding the entire world to drown the wicked. The entire Fourth Age of the Aztec world was destroyed. Perhaps her tempestuous husband Tlaloc talked her into it. Her ‘now wash your planet’ moral hygiene routine inspired her mortal followers to dip babies into water to wash away evil.
  • Chalchiuhtotolin (Sickness God). God of Pestilence. He is the Precious Night Turkey and a God of Mystery. There is a picture of him in the Codex Borbonias that is so utterly weird it must be seen to be disbelieved. In the midst of seemingly undecipherable symbols he is dressed in a turkey suit and seems to be vomiting into a large pot.
  • Chicomeccatl (Chalchiuhcihuatl, Chicomecoatl, Xilonen, Corn/Maize Goddess). Amazing Maize Goddess. She's a young goddess of new corn. She’s an attractive young maize lady with ears of corn who can steal the hearts of eligible men.
    Meanwhile her priests stole not only the hearts, but every other organ. Young girls were sacrificed every September in a most unsavory manner, to ensure the corn harvest was up to scratch. In her old age aspect, she's known as Ilamatecuhtli.
  • Chalmecatecuchtli (Underworld God). God of the Underworld and Sacrifices. He is the eleventh of thirteen Lords of the Day.
  • Chantico (Hearth Goddess). Reassuringly protective goddess of hearth fires. She is a domestic deity who lives in your fire and keeps your home safe and cosy. She also has a neat sideline in volcanoes for larger clients. There was a ban on eating paprika during a fast, but Chantico just couldn’t help herself. As punishment she was turned into a dog by Tonacatecuhtli the Food God.
  • Chicomexochtli (Painting God). Aztec God of Painters.
  • Chiconahuiehecatl (Creator God). According to other sources, he's a creator god of very minor importance.
  • Chimalman (Unknown Goddess). Spare female Deity. She was mother of Coatlicue.
  • Cihuacoatl (Multi-tanented Goddess). Goddess of Many Things. When she is not being the Great Goddess, The Snake Goddess, The One And Only, The Moon Goddess, or The War or Fertility Goddess, she does impersonations and likes to be mistaken for Coatlicue, Ilamatecuhtli, Itzpapalotl, Temazcalteci or any other Goddess high in the popularity stakes.
  • Cihuateteo (Dead Spirits). The souls of women who died in childbirth. Five female spirt sisters of the Macuiltonaleque. They honor the men who die in battle. They come to take warriors and women to heaven. You have to go to Underworld East first.
  • Cinteotl (Corn/Maize God). Worship the grain with blood sacrifices. His wife Chicomeccatl was also particularly bloodthirsty.
  • Cipactli (Crox God). For the Aztecs, the sound of the Earth was a large crocodile. He was also infamous for gobbling up one of Tezcatlipoca's feet.
  • Cipactonal (Astrological God). Creator of Astrology. He is a very resourceful sorcerer. Together with his wife Oxomoco, they invented Astrology and Calendars. They also helped Quetzalcoatl to move a mountain and sorted out famine relief with their Dig for Victory food campaigns.
  • Civatateo (Vampire Ladies). These are the spirits of high-ranking females who’ve died during childbirth. Thanks to their upper-class station, they now have the privilege of serving the Gods.
  • Coatlicue (Earth Goddess). Serpent-Skirted Goddess of Earth and Fire. She has terrible dress sense, wearing a skirt of writhing snakes and a necklace made of human hands and hearts. Compared to that, her claws and double snake head are
    positively chic. She’s known as the Mother of the Gods, and her offspring shot to the top of the pantheon. Her sons are Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl, her daughter is Coyolxauhqui, and she also gave birth to Huitzilopochtli in very suspicious
    circumstances.
  • Cochimetl (Coccochimetl, Commerce God). God of Commerce, Barter and Merchants.
  • Cocijo (Rain God). God of Generally Unpleasant Weather. He is a Rain and Lightning god. He has a snakey tongue. He likes to appear on urns.
  • Coyolxauhqui (Coyolxanuhqui, Moon Goddess). Miss Golden Bells the Moon Goddess. She is painted with bells, since she is commonly depicted with bells on her cheeks. As the pious and virtuous primordial mother Coatlicue ("the one with the snake skirt") swept the temple at the Coatepec, she found a bundle of precious feathers, which she put away under her skirt. Without her knowing, these feathers made her become pregnant.

    This misterious pregnancy embarrased her sons, the Centzon Huitznahua ("the four hundred - or uncountable Southern"), and her daughter Coyolxauhqui, who decided to kell her mother. When they arrived at the Coatepec, Coatlicue had already given birth to Huitzilopochtli in full war armor, who decapitated Coyolxauhqui, throwing her body down the hill, smashing it into pieces. Only a few of the Centzon Huitznahua could escape to the South, where since then they can be seen as stars in the sky.
  • Cuaxolotl (Double-headed Goddess of Duality). Two heads are better than one when you are a deity of duality. Cuaxolotl is the female counterpart of Evening Star Xolotl and wears a mask of his face on the back of her head.
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  • Eagle-Man (Information). A Very impressive ceramic ceremonal scupture. Having seen the over life-size original, we feel it was not just made to serve as an amusing artifact. The temple housing the eagles is north of the Templo Mayor in Mexico City. The Eagle Warriors were a military order who went into battle in aid of the sun, probably to capture sacrificial victims. The Eagle-Man or men, as there were two of them, were only discovered in 1980. Perhaps one was a substitute or a stand-in. Or with the Aztec love of dual personalities, perhaps a twin God. Or maybe it was just one they made earlier.
  • Ehecatl (Wind God). Zatec Wind and Weather God. Archaeologists cannot make up their minds whether he resembled a duck (raining ducks and drakes) or a monkey (monkeying with the weather). We’ve scrutinized many statues of him and still don’t know the answer. All we know is that he always looks very pleased with himself. He’s really just another form of Quetzalcoatl.
  • Huehuecoyotl (Ancient-Drum, Old Old Coyote). Trickster God who loves a good party. He’s the Old, Old Coyote, an all-singing, all-dancing Trickster God of Parties, Performance and Over-Indulgence. There’s a lot of Native American Coyote in his make-up, with tricks, pranks and japes being perpetrated at every opportunity. Like Coyote, he is also a shape-shifter. During festivals, the drum would sound and he would inspire people to out-do each other in song.
  • HueHueTeotl (Fire God). The Fire of Life. He's an very, very, old God. He carries a Large representing fire bown on his head. Every 52 years (an Aztec century), the Gods’ contract with mankind would come up for renewal, and this always caused much panic among the paranoid.
  • Huitzilopochtli (Sun God, God of War). He is a god of the original nomadic Aztecs. He is the god of war, the sun god– but not the one of the four suns myth above – and the patron of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan. According to myth, he is the one who guided the Aztecs to Mexico. His mother is Coatlicue, who gave birth to him after finding a ball of feathers and tucking in her bosom for safekeeping. Later, when looking for the ball, she couldn’t find it, but discovered herself pregnant. Her other children, the moon and stars, became jealous and embarrassed, because a goddess was only supposed to give birth to the original pantheon, and Coyolxauhqui, the moon, incited a rebellion among the children against their mother.

    Huitzilopochtli sprung from the womb fully dressed in battle gear and defeated his siblings. He beheaded his sister, Coyolxauhqui, and threw her head into the sky to remain there as the moon. He was a warrior Sun God, requiring blood sacrifice to help him win the battle against darkness. Battles were sometimes fought for the sole purpose of capturing more sacrifices. These battles were called flower wars. Hummingbird of the South. who they fed with human sacrifices. The Templo Mayor contained his temple, and his image was on Moctezuma's Throne.
  • Huixtocihuatl (Uixtochihuatl, Fertility Salt Goddess). Tlaloc’s big sister, she was a veritable saltmine of fertility. There was a yearly sacrifice for a full salt cellar. A youth had to impersonate Night God Tezcatlipoca for a year, with four maidens chosen to be his wives. They must have died happy, because there was never a shortage of volunteers.
  • Ilamatecuhtli (Midwifery Goddess). Old Mother Goddess. The elderly version of Chicomeccatl. You should always be kind to old Goddesses. Especially this one with her large bared teeth. She likes to live in a darkened chamber where she keeps captured images of Gods. She is also fond of fire festivals and likes burying bundles of reeds of enormous importance.
  • Itzpapalotl (Heavenly Goddess). Flint Claw Butterfly. She rules over the paradise realm of Tomoanchan. She’s a desirable looking Goddess who will give you the glad eye. But we urge you to resist, for just one embrace and she becomes the Obsidian Butterfly Maiden. Stone knives pop out from her eyes and her mouth... and parts we would rather not mention due to delicacy, embarrassment and utter shock.
  • Itztlacoliuhqui (Justice God). God of Justice and Lord of the Morning Star. He used to be a warm and cheerful God of the Dawn called Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli until the Sun showed up. The Sun God Tonatiuh was a really arrogant piece of work and demanded all kinds of unreasonable sacrifices. Ths was even more annoying because the week before, Tonatiuh had been a feeble God of Nothing and common as muck.

    Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli fired a stone dart to teach him a lesson. But he missed. Tonatiuh fired back and got him right in the forehead. This didn’t improve his demeanour but only made him meaner. He turned into the cold and stony Itztlacoliuhqui, and that’s why Venus is cool and the dawn is cold. Now Itztlacoliuhqui is the patron of Castigation, Stone and Cold Hard Things. Like many Gods who attempt to deal out justice, he often wears a blindfold.
  • Itztli (Sacrifice God). Cheerful knife god of ritual slaughter. He’s in charge of the sacred obsidian stone knives used for ritual slaying.
  • Ixtlilton (Healer God). Possibly the first God of Aerobics. He specialized in healing, health, and dancing. Brother of Xochipili and Macuilxochitl. significance.
  • Macuilcozcacuahtli (Pleasure God). the Five Vulture. He is one of the Macuiltonaleque. Hopefully not in excess of corpse-eating.
  • Macuilcuetzpalin (Pleasure God). the Five Lizard. He is one of the Macuiltonaleque.
  • Macuiltochtli (Pleasure God). A God Alcohol Beverages. the Five Rabbit. With the association of rabbits and serious Pulque drinking, this couuld be a dead drunk giveaway as to his function in the Macuiltonaleque.
  • Macuilmalinalli (Pleasure God). the Five Grass. This could be a his function for the Macuiltonaleque quintet of Pleasure and Excess. It's either trimming the grass of smoking it. Tintures perhaps.
  • Macuiltonaleque (Ahuiateteo, Maquiltonaleque, Macuil-Tonaleque, Gluttony Gods). Five Gods of Pleasure and Excess. ’Macuil’ means five and these gods include the dangers of overindulgence. Their wagging fingers of reprimand show that drinking, gambling, sex and other pleasures should not be taken to extremes. These five Gods were also invoked by diviners and mystics. Five Gods = five fingers, and with a little hand-waving all the future could be laid bare. They are all good Southern Gods and their names are Macuilcozcacuahtli, Macuilcuetzpalin, Macuilmalinalli, Macuiltochtli and Macuilxochitl.
  • Macuilxochitl (Pleasure God). the Five Flower Prince. God of Games. From boardgames to the Aztec version of football, and is also in charge of gambling, dancing and music. He is immensely popular, despite his membership in the Macuiltonaleque. He must have taken bribes or turned a blind eye. He's another manifestation of Xochipili.
  • Mayahuel (Mayoel, Alcohol Goddess). Goddess of Alcohol. She got the idea of distilling agave seeds after watching the exploits of a drunken mouse. As protector of the cactusy maguey plant, she greatly assisted her husband Patecatl in his medicinal researches. At one point teetotalers tried to take her out. No chance. She is far mightier than that. See Pulque for the whole intoxicating tale.
  • Metzli (Metztli, Moon God). The name for the moon after Tecuciztecatl started looking after it. Apart from the embarrassing events leading up to his new moon career, he’s often depicted carrying a moon seashell on his back, thereby bearing some responsibility for the fashion of shell suits.
  • Mextli (War God). Top God of Mexico. Runs a side business in War and Sacrifice. He started out as Huitzilopochtli and eventually became the supremely supreme deity of Mexico.
  • Mictecacihuatl (Death Goddess). Goddess of Death and introducting the Lady of Mictlan. Co-ruler of the Aztec Underworld, she looks after the bones of the dead with her husband Mictlantecuhtli.
  • Mictlan (Legendary Place). The Aztec Underworld. Led by Mictlantecuhtli, the grinning God of Death and his wife Mictecacihuatl. The Aztec Underworld was a vast veritable labyrinth of layers and levels which needed looking after by multitudes of ghastly Gods. Most of them with unpronounceable and unspellable names. Gods of the Underworld were usually depicted in garish color in two-dimensional form. Three dimensional Gods with those colors would be a bit over the top. But Mictlan itself is a gloomy, dank and depressing place, full of worms and creepy-crawlies. Not to mention bones. Quetzalcoatl had a lot of trouble persuading Mictlantecuhtli to give them up for rebirth in the Fifth World.
  • Mictlantecuhtli (Underworld God). Grinning God of the Underworld. He rules Mictlan, the lowest level of the Aztec Underworld, and guards the bones of those who’ve passed on. He's extremely skeletal with his exposed liver which dangles cheekily from his chest cavity. He is depicted as a grinning maniac with large cheerful teeth and wide staring eyes.
  • Mixcoatl (Hunting God). God of Hunting and War. He made the first fire with a cleaver bit of cosmic engineering which no-one else has ever managed to duplicate. He's the Pole Star son of Cihuacoatl, and dad of Quetzalcoatl and Huitzilopochtli. When the mood is correct, he transforms into Tezcatlipoca.
  • Moctezuma (Montezuma, Motecuhzoma, Cocoa Legendary Mortal). Last king of the Aztec world. He was utterly obsessed by chocolate, which he believed to be the most exquisite substance in the world. He couldn’t understand what the Spaniards saw in all that silly gold stuff lying around, and was therefore completely unprepared for the brutal takeover of his entire empire.
  • Nanautzin (Nana, Sickness God/dess). God "or occasionally Goddess" of Humble Bravery. Known as The Scabby One, he was weak, diseased and cringy. But his modest courage led to the ultimate promotion as reward for his fortitude. Nanautzin started out as the smallest and ugliest of the Gods, but when the vacancy of Sun became available, he leapt at the chance to improve his lot. Dressed in humble reeds, he turned up at the interview to discover only one other candidate had applied for the job. Possibly because the winning applicant was required to undergo sacrificial death in the Godly Bonfire. Oh well, he thought, what have I got to lose?

    He’d only been invited to attend because he’d done good works and given maize to humans. His rival was the smartly-dressed and terribly arrogant Tecuciztecatl. But as soon as the fire was lit, Tecuciztecatl chickened out, leaving the courageous Nanautzin to jump into the flames and become the glorious sun. Thereafter he was known as TONATIUH and became quite arrogant himself.

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  • Omecihuatl (Creator Goddess). Goddess of Creation. She the wife of Creator God Ometecuhtli and also his twin sister, female aspect and/or genetically-modified clone. Very creative.
  • Ometecuhtli (Ometeoltloque, Ometecutli, Tloque Nahuaque, Citlatonac, Supreme God). Two in One Creator God. Ometecuhtli and his wife Omechihualt symbolize the duality and primordial forces of nature. The entire universe is their temple. Their four sons Huitzilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl, Tezcatlipoca and Xipe-Totec was also Creation Gods. Often depected as a half-man and half-woman figure.
  • Ometotchtli (Drunken God). Two Rabbit. King of the Drunken Bunnies. This is a slightly generic term for the supreme God of that fiery drink Pulque. It usually refers to Tepoztecatl, but sometimes it doesn’t. Especially when he’s had a few too many and needs to lie down for a bit.
  • Ometeotl (Creator Mother/Creator Father of Duality). Twin Balanced, Complimentary Communing Divine & Sacred Ever-flowing Transcending Creation Force.
  • Opochtli (God of Bird Snaring, Hunting and Fishing). He supplies all the tools necessary for catching meat and fish. He is also left-handed.
  • Oxomoco (Goddess of Astrology and Calendars). She's the wife of Cipactonal.
  • Patecatl (Healer God). God of Medicine. With the aid of his wife Mayahuel, he pepped up Pulque by adding certain roots to the maguey cactus mixture under the illusion that it was amazingly beneficial 'Pulque Physic'. This illusion was actually caused by the narcotic hallucinations on top of the alcohol. The only antidote is to choose your Gods more carefully.
  • Piquete-Zina (Batman, Bat God). the Zapotec Batman. A Zapotec Bat God with the moniker of the Batman.
  • Popocatepetl (Legendary Mortal). Not really a God, he was a warrior who fell in love with the Emperor's daughter. When he was called away to war, the poor girl died of grief and the two of them ended up being transformed into mourning mountains by the Gods.
  • Pulque (Fiery Aztec Alcohol). Pulque is the fermented and alcoholic juice of the Maguey Cactus. Tequila's predecessor, pulque, was made from as many as six types of agave grown in the Mexican highlands. Aztecs were very strict about pulque's use, and only priests were allowed to drink a fifth glass of pulque - often to help keep them in the mood for their frequent ritual sacrifice and cannibalism. A similar fermented drink from the southern part of the country is called tepache and in some places it is known as Octli.

    Pulque had psychedelic properties in abundance and proved so popular that it attracted a whole pack of drinking deities. These Pulque Gods abandoned their agriculture, their farms and their mineral water in order to get royally drunk. A particular group of them are called the Centzon-Totoctin, meaning ‘Infinite Rabbits’. These drunken deities represent the infinite ways that people can be affected by intoxication. Their leader is Ometotchtli.
  • Quaxolotl (Duality Goddess). Goddess of Twins. She has a split personality. Her name signifies 'Split at the Top' and her image parts into two heads. The Goddess is conerned with twins and duality and possilbly also schizophrenia.
  • Quetzalcoatl (Quetzacoatl, Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, God of Civilization and Learning). He is represented by the morning and evening star. Quetzalcoatl himself was the second sun, and created the fourth. After the creation of the fifth sun, it was Quetzalcoatl who brought agriculture and learning to humans. The world had been created four times before, and destroyed by incomming star hitting each time.

    With his friend, Xolotl, a dog-headed god, he was said to have descended to the underground hell of Mictlan to gather the bones of the ancient dead. Those bones he smeared with his own blood, giving birth to the men who inhabit the present universe. He was often shown as a man with a beard named Ehecatl, the wind god.

    Sometimes he was shown wearing a mask with two protruding tubes (through which the wind blew) and a conical hat. The temple Quetzalcoatl at Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, was a round building, a shape that fitted Ehecatl. Circular temples were believed to please Ehecatl because they offered no sharp obstacles to the wind. His parents were Ometecuhtli and his wife Omechihualt.
  • Spider-Woman (Teotihuacan, Mysterious Spider Goddess). She comes to you on speculation. Her real name is unknown and her identikit likenesses come from murals and carvings found at Tepantitla from some classic period. Veering towards the Iguana of Ignorance ourselves, we take nothing for granted. So what we are left with is a well-decked out spiderish deity surrounded at times by small figures engaged in matters of jollity amidst blossoms and butterflies.
  • Tecuciztecalt (Moon God). Slimy and Shiny God of the Moon. Now the God of Moon but he started off as a lowly God of Snails and Worms. Hoping to improve his slimy status, he volunteered to jump into the sacrificial flames to become the
    sun. But he lost his nerve at the last minute and Nanautzin beat him to it. Ashamed, he leapt after him/her, but most of the fire had turned to ash. An eagle swooped down and carried them both to the sky.

    The sunny Nanautzin shone resplendent, but cowardly Tecucizecatl made a very feeble moon. The Gods jeered and threw a rabbit at him. Although he changed his name to Metzli to avoid embarrassment, he still bears the bruises to this day. Can you see the rabbit on the moon?
  • Telcalipoca (Bear Spirit). The Great Bear of Aztec mythology.
  • Temazcalteci (Purity Goddess). Goddess of Cleanliness who repels dirty demons. She looks after Saunas, baths, jacuzzis or whatevre bathing methods the Aztecs used. She is very good at keeping demons away from naked people.
  • Tepeyollotl (Earthquake God). God of Caves and Earthquakes. He makes the Earth shake when he raises his voice and he's also responsible for echoes.
  • Teoyaomiqui (Flower God). Flow God of Dead Warriors. Death by Daffodil? His job was to watch over the flowers on the graves.
  • Tepoztecatl (Tezcatzonttecatl, Ehecacone, Alcohol God). Drunken God of Alcohol. He certainly isn’t Teetotl. He is the dispenser of the fiery Pulque, and supreme boozehead of the Centzon-Totochtin Inebriated Rabbits Society. As a fertility deity. Tepoztecatl is the go-to God if you wish to indulge in frenzied copulation. He will help you get so drunk that even the most hideously ugly people will begin to seem alluring and delightful.
  • Tezcatlipoca (Omacatl, God of the Great Bear Constellation, Smoking Mirror). The god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky. He was the jaguar, the spotted skin of which was compared to the starry sky. Tezcatlipoca was usually drawn with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian (black glass) mirror in place of one of his feet and sometimes on his chest. In it he saw everything, he knew all the deeds and thoughts of men. Tezcatlipoca is considered to bring war and misfortune into the world, and is rarely credited with good fortune. He is associated with royalty.

    He was said to appear at crossroads at night to challenge warriors. He presided over the telpochcalli ("young men's houses"), district schools in which the sons of the common people received an education and military training. He was the protector of slaves, he severely punished masters who ill-treated "Tezcatlipoca's beloved children." He rewarded goodness by giving riches and fame, and he punished wrongdoers by sending them sickness (e.g. leprosy) or by giving them poverty and slavery.

    Every year, during the fifth month, the priest selected a young and handsome war prisoner. For one year he lived in princely luxury, pretending to be the god. Four beautiful girls dressed as goddesses were chosen as his companions. On the appointed feast day he climbed the steps of a small temple while breaking flutes that he had played. At the top he was sacrificed by the removal of his heart! What a price to pay!
  • Tezcatzontecatl (Beer God). Another deity taking pulque to the rabbits.
  • Tlaloc (Nuhualpilli, God of Rain and Water). He who Makes things Sprout. He was associated with life giving, sustenance, fertility, as well as springs, mountains and caves. Tlaloc was the eighth ruler of the days and the ninth lord of the nights. Tlaloc was pictured as a man wearing a net of clouds, a crown of heron feathers, foam sandals and carrying rattles to make thunder.

    Goggle eyes, fangs, and a curled nose. Tlaloc lived in a place the Aztecs called Tlalocan. He lived there with his companion, Chalchiuhtlicue (She Who Wears a Jade Skirt), also called Matlalcueye (She Who Wears a Green Skirt), the goddess of freshwater lakes and streams. Tlalocan was also the place where all people who had drowned 'lived'. Child sacrifices were made to him, and children were expected to weep in order to bring rain. Tlaloc was greatly feared. He could send out the rain or provoke drought and hunger.

    He hurled lightning upon the earth and unleashed the devastating hurricanes. It was believed that he could send down to the earth different kinds of rain which would help crops grow or destroy them. Certain illnesses, such as dropsy, leprosy, and rheumatism, were said to be caused by Tlaloc. Less gruesome sacrifices occurred as well, with little statues being made from dough and offered to him. These dough children were eaten at banquets.
  • Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli (Dawn God). God of Dawn and the Morning Star. An aspect of Quetzalcoatl, he was a bit of a quetz when he wasn’t being a total coatl. He is Lord of the Twelfth Hour of the Day. He is God of the Dawn. He used to be warm and friendly, but after shooting an arrow at the sun to teach Tonatiuh a lesson, he received one right between the eyes and became the cold and stony Itztlacoliuhgui.
  • Tlaltecuhtli (Demonness). A Fat Toad monster Demoness. Known as Queen of the Earth, she is always hungry and demands fresh flesh at all times. Her appetite is so insatiable that one mouth isn’t enough. She has slavering mouths all over her body.
  • Tlaoque-Nahuaque (Tloquenahuque, Supreme God). Experimental God of Monotheism. He’s a God who tried to go it alone. He didn’t have a lot to offer though. Accepting sacrifices and offerings is one thing, but we expect some sort of deity dividend.
  • Tlazolteotl (Purity Goddess). The Eater of Filth and Dirt. She is the goddess of Confession, Purification and Rescue from Spiritual Uncleanliness. Especially in the sexual area. If you have a filthy mind and you don't mind digging dirt, turn to her. She’s ready to hear all your confessions and will delight in gobbling up your filthy thoughts. When she sucks up your sin this will hopefully leave you feeling pure and clean.
  • Toci (Teteo-Innan-Toci, Tocitzin, Teteoinnan, Mother of the Gods). And thus the Grandmother of the Aztecs. She is a very very old lady with black make-up and a cotton headdress. She is also an Earth Grandmother known as the Heart of
    the Earth. This means your heart, on a plate, at the next sacrificial ceremony please.
  • Tomoancan (Legendary Place). Aztec paradise and the blessed Place of Dead Babies. Ruled over by the skeletal Itzpapalotl, the realm of Tomanchan is rumored to be the birthplace of Aztec humanity. A veritable Garden of Eden, but without the fig leaves. Just to show the caring sharing side of Aztec culture, this is the home for victims of infant mortality. Here grows the Suckling Tree which bears 400,000 nipples. The little deadlings lie in comfort slurping away until they regain enough life and strength for re-incarnation.
  • Tonacatecuhtli (Food God). Vitally important God of Food.
  • Tonatiuh (Sun God). The Bloodthirsty burning Sun. He looks after warriors, particularly those who die in his service, and rules the present age of the world. He needs revitalizing each morning with fresh hearts still pumping blood. But
    he wasn’t always so demanding. In fact he started off as the lowly non-entity Nanautzin, and only got to his present position through good luck and fortitude. The leap from Scabby God of Nothing to Sun God of Everything went straight to
    his head and he refused to move unless all the other Gods sacrificed themselves to him.
  • Tzitzimime (Demon). Demon stars only visible during eclipses. They are harbingers of evil and destruction as you might expect.
  • Tzitzmitl (Alcohol Goddess). She is a Grandmother Goddess.
  • Ueuecoyotl (Happiness God). The Old Old Coyote "supergenius". Let your hair down! He's the God of Fun, Laughter and Sex or whatever else makes your life merrier. No doubt Ueuecoyotl is a distant relation of Coyote, the fun-loving
    Native American Trickster.
  • Xipe Totec (the Flayed one, God of the Seasons). He was also the patron of Gold Workers. However, his rituals were still quite bloody. He flayed himself to give humanity food, and was shown as wearing a flayed human skin. Sculptures
    of this god may have been dressed in the skins of sacrificial victims. His festival was celebrated on the spring equinox, and required the flaying of victims to produce a skin. The priests would wear these skins for twenty days after the sacrifice, and they were thought to have magical and curative properties. He was one of the gods of the four directions. He was west. The son of Ometecuhtli.
  • Xiuhcoatl (Fire God). The Turquoise Fire Serpent and God of Drought. Xiuhcoatl is very serpentine and is often portrayed as a jade figurine with a head at each end. This must be one of the world’s most frequently used artifacts.
  • Xiutecuhtli (Fire God). The is the Old Old God. See Huehueteotl.
  • Xmulzencab (Bee Deity). These are Bee Gods. Maybe related to Ah-Muzen-Cab.
  • Xochipilli (Love God). Peacenik God of Love and Niceness. He's red and skinless but quite nice with it. Being something of an Aztec hippy, he goes for flowers, singing and dancing, as well as guarding the souls of dead warriors who turn into humming birds. His sister is the Love Goddess Xochiquetzal and they both love the doves. He carries a pointy stick and likes to poke it around. If the tip penetrates your heart, you'll fall in love.
  • Xochiquetzal (Fertility Goddess). Flowery Feather Fertility Goddess. Her name means 'flower precious feather'. She loves games, loves to dance, but mostly Loves Love. As Goddess of Love, she's surrounded by butterflies and creates a
    warm glow wherever she goes. her husband was Centeotl or maybe Tlaloc.
  • Xolotl (Xolotl, Underworld God). Xolotl is the dog-like deity, often depicted with ragged ears. He is identified with sickness and physical deformity. As a double of Quetzalcoatl, he carries his conch-like ehecailacacozcatl or wind jewel.

    Xolotl accompanied Quetzalcoatl to Mictlan, Land of the Death or the underworld, to retrieve the bones from those who inhabited the previous world (Nahui Atl) to create new life for the present world, Nahui Ollin, the sun of movement. In a sense, this re-creation of life is reacted every night when Xolotl guides the sun through the underworld.
  • Yacatecuhtli (Commerce God). Ancient God of Traveling and Merchants. Director of the Pochtecas Chamber of Commerce, Yacatecuhtli offers insider dealing only and it’s very difficult to obtain membership. The secret symbol is a bundle of twigs. Merchants (known as Pochtecas) who traveled distant and dangerous lands would halt their caravans at night and build an effigy of him from their walking sticks. He would then guard their precious merchandise while they dreamt of wealth. Some sources state that his name means ‘Lord of the Nose’. He may have a nose for business but Lord of the Vanguard is a better translation.
    Return to Royal Deities

 

 

     

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